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Prevention of gum disease

Most adult gum disease (Periodontal disease) is not painful and there are often no signs or symptoms until the disease has progressed to an advanced stage.

Dental plaque is the cause of gum disease and excellent oral hygiene is essential in both prevention and treatment.

Gum disease begins with inflammation of the gums often associated with bleeding gums while brushing. As the disease progresses, usually over a period of years, the inflammation causes pockets to form between the gum and the tooth and as these pockets increase depth, the gum recedes down the tooth and finally the bone supporting the tooth is lost.

Teeth can become loose and eventually fall out. Before the teeth get so loose that they fall out, infection can develop in the gum and the tooth may need to be extracted. Some individuals are much more prone to gum disease and if you have a family history of gum disease then careful monitoring and assessment is particularly important. Diabetes and a dry mouth are both additional risk factors for periodontal disease.

Regular examination of the gums by a dental professional to identify gum disease at an early stage is very important. Your dental professional will be able to offer you advice on correct brushing and flossing techniques as well as the use of other types of interdental brushes where appropriate.
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